Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure done by orthopaedic surgeons to visualize, diagnose and treat a wide range of joint problems most commonly affecting the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip and wrist. It is a less invasive method used to both diagnose and treat problems in joints.

How is the procedure done?

First, the patient is given a local/general anaesthetic .A small incision is made in the patient’s skin through which arthroscope containing a small lens and lighting system is inserted. Arthroscope is attached to a miniature television camera through which the surgeon is able to see the image of the joint on a high definition video monitor. As a result of this, the surgeons can see the problem causing areas more clearly.

After the surgery, the wounds will be stitched or closed with special tape and then bandaged. The procedure usually takes between 30 minutes and 2 hours.

Diagnostic procedures:

Doctors opt for arthroscopy if there are diagnostic clarifications even after performing all imaging techniques.

Surgical procedures:

Conditions treated with arthroscopy include:

  • Loose bone fragments
  • Damaged or torn cartilage
  • Inflamed joint linings
  • Torn ligaments
  • Scarring within joints


  • Less pain after surgery
  • Faster healing time
  • Faster return to normal activities
  • Lower risk of infection